Danube delta is perhaps the least inhabited region of temperate Europe . It is the second largest river delta in Europe, after the Volga. It is rich in flora, fauna, and rare species. It is a bird watching paradise with over 300 species, the richest collection in Europe. Danube delta is also called home by many species of plant and animal life.
Danube delta was formed by the accumulation of sediments brought by the Danube throughout the years. It is a wonderful but huge area. It is located primarily in Romania, with a bit in Ukraine ‘s Odessa Oblast. It is also the largest reed bed expanse in the world, measuring over 600,000 acres. Danube delta has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991.
The higher ground upholds stands of willow, ubiquitous, birch and oak. There are likewise sandy ranges secured with plume grass and other steppe species. Woodland components are best watched in Letea Forest where an arrangement of groups happen along ridges up to 250 m long and 10 m wide. The delta has been arranged into 12 territory sorts as takes after: oceanic, lakes secured with overwhelmed reedbeds; ‘plaur’, overflowed islets; overflowed reeds and willows; riverine timberland of willows and poplars; stick fields; sandy and sloppy sunny shores; wet glades; dry knolls (bone-dry); human settlements; sandy and rough territories; steep banks; and timberlands on high ground.
In excess of 300 types of flying creature have been recorded, of which in excess of 176 species breed, the most vital being cormorant, dwarf cormorant, white pelican and Dalmatian pelican. There are various multi-species heron provinces and raptor species incorporating white-tailed bird. The swamp tern states are particularly eminent. The delta holds immense amounts of geese in the winter white-fronted geese, red-breasted geese (an universally debilitated animal groups with essentially all the planet wintering populace present), greenish blue, mallard and pochard. The delta is exceptionally vital for fish, with 45 new water species present. Otter and weasel are to be considered on the coasting islands. The Danube Delta is a noteworthy alluvial characteristic constituting discriminating territory for transient winged creatures and different creatures. It is the major remaining wetland on the flyway between focal and Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean and Middle East and Africa. It is extraordinary for its contiguity of wetland biological community and as of now backs imperiled widely varied vegetation. The dangers remain various and incorporate concentrated fish cultivating, shooting, channel and dyke development and contamination and eutrophication.
Danube delta is a low alluvial plain, mostly covered by wetlands and water. It is still spreading seaward at a rate of 24 to 30 meters annually. It is amongst the last places where one can truly immerse oneself in nature.
The Delta can be explored as part of a Danube River Cruise, or on day trips and boat excursions from Tulcea which has good hotels, restaurants specializing in fish dishes and the Museum of the Danube Delta, or you can stay in Murighiol, Mahmudia or Dunavatu de Jos wich is the last place you can travel on the road, after that is just water and you have to use a boat or you can rent one.